dadamowiki

A wikipedia of Dr. D'Adamo's research



Genomics

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Description

A nucleotide is a chemical compound that consists of a heterocyclic base, a sugar, and one or more phosphate groups. In the most common nucleotides the base is a derivative of [Purine? purine] or pyrimidine, and the sugar is the pentose (five-carbon sugar) deoxyribose or ribose.

http://www.chemsoc.org/ExemplarChem/entries/2003/imperial_Burgoine/nucleotide.jpg

Structure of a nucleotide

Nucleotides are the structural units of RNA, DNA?, and several cofactors - CoA, FAD, FMN, NAD, and NADP. In the cell they play important roles in energy production, metabolism, and signaling.

Nomenclature

Nucleotide names are abbreviated into standard three- or four-letter codes. The first letter is lower case and indicates whether the Nucleotide in question is a deoxyribonucleotide (denoted by a d) or a ribonucleotide (no letter). The second letter indicates the nucleoside corresponding to the nucleobase:

G: Guanine

A: Adenine?

T: Thymine?

C: Cytosine?

U: Uracil not present in DNA, but takes the place of Thymine in RNA

The third and fourth letters indicate the length of the attached phosphate chain (Mono-, Di-, Tri-) and the presence of a phosphate (P).

For example, deoxy-cytidine-triphosphate is abbreviated as dCTP.

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Attribution

SPOTLIGHT

COMPLETE BLOOD TYPE ENCYCLOPEDIA


The Complete Blood Type Encyclopedia is the essential desk reference for Dr. D'Adamo's work. This is the first book to draw on the thousands of medical studies proving the connection between blood type and disease.

Click to learn more

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